On April 27, 1999 the Tajik Government and the UNODC signed the agreement to create Tajik Drug Control Agency under the President of Tajikistan. Announcing the agreement at the opening of the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice meeting in Vienna, H.E President Emomali Rahmon stated that new agency will be under his direct control. With technical assistance from the UNODC, the agency has documented drug trafficking in Tajikistan and Central Asia as a whole. By President's decree the Drug Control Agency (DCA) was established on June 1, 1999. Up to moment Government of Tajikistan has been ratified majority of international antinarcotics and antiterrorist conventions and other legal binding documents.
The UNODC-trained and supported Mobile Deployment Team (MDT) of the Tajik Interior Ministry in 2008 made the biggest single drug seizure in the country's history. The MDT was established within the framework of the UNODC project to strengthen controls along the Tajik- Afghan border. The project aims to identify, investigate, interdict and prosecute those groups involved in illicit drug trafficking. The Mobile Deployment Team became operational in January 2008, having been fully equipped and trained by UNODC.
From the moment of National Drug Control Agency's establishment, DCA as a liaison in cooperation with UNODC is reporting quarterly to UNODC of its activity, drug seizure, combined operation with other Drug Agencies, international cooperation, drug destroying and etc.
On May 30, 2009 President of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon in his speech at 10th Anniversary of DCA inauguration suggested to work out universal program of combatting against drug trafficking under the auspicious of UN, as well as to hold an international conference with participation of interested countries and international organization up to 2010. He proposed to declare 2011 an international year of combatting against illegal drug trafficking also.
Visits to Tajikistan
- The Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Giorgio Giacomelli (August 1997);
- The Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations Pino Arlaki (1997);
- UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (October 21-22, 2002)
- The Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Antonio Maria Costa (May 30-31, 2004 and October 7, 2007);
- Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Yury Fedotov ( November 22-December 1, 2010, May 30-June1, 2012, May 5, 2015)