Sunday 25.06.2017

Cooperation of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Tajikistan signed the Helsinki Final Act in February 1992.

By joining the OSCE the Republic of Tajikistan aimed at using experience of Organization, its authority and resources for the democratic transformation of society, maintaining and strengthening security at the national, regional and international levels, as well as the establishment of the key elements of civil society.

Intensive cooperation between Tajikistan and the OSCE has began in 1994. During this year meaningful and multifaceted cooperation between Tajikistan and the OSCE s well as its institutions was establised.

OSCE Mission in Tajikistan was opened on 17 February 1994 as the first Organization's presence in the country. The legal basis for the establishment of this field office was a mechanism for consultation and cooperation with regard to emergencies, developed in the First Berlin Meeting of the OSCE Council of Foreign Ministers, held in June 1991. The Decision on the establishment of the OSCE Mission in Tajikistan was adobted at 4th Meeting of the OSCE Council of Foreign Ministers in December 1, 1993 in Rome. The mission was entrusted with a task to help for stabilization of the situation in the country and to create favorable conditions for the promotion of democratic processes.

The first three branches of the OSCE Mission were opened in 1995 in Shartuz, Dusti and Kurgan-Tube, whose task was the implementation of the Mission's mandate and contribute to the protection of civil rights of refugees. Subsequently, the activities of these offices became regulated under the new mandate of the OSCE Office. On October 1996 the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan adopted its  Decision to open Permanent Mission to the OSCE in Vienna and the first Permanent Representative of the country was appointed.

Since the first mandate of the OSCE Mission in 1993, situation drastically changed in Tajikistan. Most of the tasks assigned to the mission for the post-conflict period have lost their relevance. Then problems related to the socio- economic and environmental aspects of OSCE activities were in foreground. Hence, a new mandate of the OSCE Mission in Tajikistan to convert it to the OSCE Centre in Dushanbe with an expanded mandate was approved by decision of the OSCE Permanent Council №500 on October 31, 2002. Under the new mandate OSCE Centre along with first and third dimensions should focus on strengthening activities in the economic and environmental dimension.

Given the qualitative change in the socio - political life in the country after the adoption of the last mandate of the OSCE Centre in Dushanbe, Tajikistan came out with new initiatives related to the status of the Centre in 2007. Taking into account that the objectives and tasks set by the OSCE Centre could no longer meet the requirements of sustainable development of Tajikistan, in early 2007 it was suggested that current mandate of the Centre has to be reconsidered. This revision  was proposed with the aim that new mandate will meet the following priority areas of the country such as development of energy and transport sector, water management, strengthening of borders and protecton of environment. During negotiations between Tajikistan, OSCE Chairmanship – that time Finland, as well as OSCE Conflict Prevention Centre draft decision of the OSCE Permanent Council has been prepared and adopted at the regular meeting of the Council on 19 June 2008. In accordance with this decision, the OSCE Centre became the OSCE Office in Tajikistan.

Memorandum of Understanding on the status of the OSCE Office in Tajikistan between Tajikistan and the OSCE was signed during the visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan in Vienna on June 11, 2011.

The OSCE Centre opened five field offices in Tajikistan (Khujand, Kulob, Kurgan-Tube, Gharm and Shaartuz).

In 2007 Task force OSCE-Tajikistan was created and hold its meetings regulary to discuss implementation of projects, achieved results and plans for the next year. Since 1996 Tajikistan established close cooperation with OSCE Secretariat and institutions such as Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights, Office of High Commissioner on National Minorities, Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Being,  Representative on the Freedom of Media. In 1999 a Memorandum of Understanding between the OSCE/ODIHR and the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan was signed in order to establish cooperation in the field of democratic refoms, elections, creation of civil society.

Tajikistan regularly hosts visits by group of OSCE Ambassadors and last time such visit took place on April 3-6, 2011. Heads of delegations of the eighteen OSCE participating states during this visit met with President and Foreign Minister of Tajikistan, members of Parliament and representatives of civil society and political parties. OSCE Secretary General has paid several working visists to Tajikistan and last time he participated in the Fifth Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA V) on 26-27 March 2012, Dushanbe. OSCE Secretary General also meets with Tajik officials on the regular basis. In the margins 68th UN General Assembly in September 2014 in New-York Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan had a meeting with OSCE Secretary General. Tajikistan keeps close cooperation with OSCE Chaimanships and hosts working visits by Chairperson-in-Office. On 2 April 2015 for the first time OSCE Chairperson-in-Office, Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dačić participated and addressed CSTO Council of Ministers meeting chaired by Tajikistan Foreign Minister and took place in Dushanbe.

Since 1991 meetings of OSCE Council of Foreign Ministers held regularly and since 1994 delegation of Tajikistan participates in these meetings. Taking into account importance of Afghanistan for the regional security and stability by the initiative of Tajikistan on April 3, 2003 OSCE Permanent Council adopted a decision on granting Afghanistan status of Partner for co-operation.

Border management is one of the priorities for Tajikistan and in this regard OSCE more active engagement in this field was proposed by Tajikistan. In order to train and enhance capacity of border structures of OSCE participating states and partners for co-operation on May 27, 2009. OSCE Border Management Staff College was established in Dushanbe. The main objective of this training center is to increase knowledge of acting and future senior representatives of agencies providing border security to the OSCE participating states and partners for co-operation as well as to foster closer cooperation and exchange of information between them. In order to mark 40th anniversary of the Helsinki Final Act Serbian Chairmanship organized and Government of Finland hosted the OSCE Informal High-Level Meeting in Helsinki on July 10, 2015. Representatives of OSCE participating states and partners for co-operation took part at this meeting at different level. Tajikistan was represented at this event by Permanent Representative to the OSCE and other International organizations in Vienna.

Summits of the Heads of participating States CSCE/OSCE

Tajikistan as the full participant of the CSCE/OSCE was actively involved in the process of further development, including the trans-formation of the Conference into the organization. President of Tajikistan Rahmon Nabiev took part in the work of the Helsinki CSCE Summit in 1992 for the first time. At the next OSCE Summits held in Budapesht (1994), Lisbon (1996), Istanbul (1999) and Astana (2010) delegation of Tajikistan headed by President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon took part.

OSCE Ministerial Council Meetings

The meetings of the Ministerial Council are conducted annually. Delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan participated in Ministerial Council since 1994.

  • The 8th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on November 27-28, 2000 in Vienna (Austria). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov took part at the meeting;
  • The 9th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 3-4, 2001 in Bucharest (Romania). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan was headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov;
  • The 10th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 6-7, 2002 in Porto (Portugal). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan was headed at this meeting by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov;
  •  The 11th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 1-2, 2003 in Maastricht (Netherland). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov took part at the meeting;
  • The 12th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 6-7, 2004 in Sofia (Bulgaria) where the delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov took part at the meeting.
  • The 13th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 5-6, 2005 in Ljubljana (Slovenia). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan was represented at this meeting by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Talbak Nazarov;
  • The 14th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 4-5, 2006 in Brussels (Belgium). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan was headed by Special Representative of the President of Tajikistan Talbak Nazarov at the meeting;
  • The 15th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 4-5, 2007 in Madrid (Spain). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Hamrokhon Zarifi took part  at the meeting;
  • The 16th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 6-7, 2008 in Helsinki (Finland). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan was represented by the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Abdullah Yuldashev at this meeting;
  • The 17th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 1-2, 2009 in Athens (Greece). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Hamrokhon Zarifi took part in the meeting;
  • The 18th OSCE Ministerial Council Meeting was held on December 6-7, 2011 in Vilnius (Lithuania). The official delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Hamrokhon Zarifi took part in the meeting;
  • The 19th Meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council was held on December 6 -7, 2012 in Dublin (Ireland). The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of  Foreign Affairs Hamrokhon Zarifi took part in the meeting;
  • The 20th OSCE Ministerial Council was held on December 5-6, 2013, in Kyiv (Ukraine). The Delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Deputy Foreign Minister Nizomiddin Zohidov participated at the meeting; 
  • 21st OSCE Ministerial Council took place on 4-5 December, 2014 in Basel, Switzerland. The delegation of the Republic of Tajikistan headed by Minister of Foreign Affairs Sirojidin Aslov participated at the meeting.